The lines of ethical principles are often blurred when it comes to adopting machines.
Robots will shape the cities of the future – from educating children to cleaning streets, protecting borders from military threats, and more.
While robot ubiquity won’t happen tomorrow, it’s closer than many people realize — by 2030, humanoid robots (such as personal assistant bots) are projected to number more than 244 million worldwide, up from 220 million in 2020.
Some examples of cities with existing robotic infrastructure are Masdar City’s Personal Rapid Transit (PRT) and The Line, the future city of Neom, Saudi Arabia, South Korea’s Songdo waste management system, Denmark’s Odense City collaborative robots or cobots, and Japan’s traffic management robots. in Takeshiba district.
But the rise of robotics raises serious ethical questions about how we control objects that sit between human conscience and the mechanical nature of machines like dishwashers or lawnmowers.
Taking the lead with management could make a big difference by the end of the decade.
Robots are designed to imitate humans (such as humanoids or androids) and can be used in virtually every field: healthcare, manufacturing, logistics, space exploration, military, entertainment, hospitality, and even in the home.
Robots are designed to overcome human limitations by being repeatably accurate, durable, and unaffected by emotions.
They are not meant to overthrow the executive and seize power, unlike in movies like The Terminator.
In hazardous jobs or tasks that require intensive manual labor, robots can supplement or replace human labor.
In the field of agriculture, drones have great potential in helping agriculture.
In early education, robots accompany children to study and play. Little Sophia, the robot friend, aims to inspire children to learn about coding, AI, science, technology, engineering and math through a safe, interactive, human-robot experience.
The growing trend of ubiquitous humanoid robots co-existing with humans has raised the issue of responsible technology and robotics ethics.
Ethical robotics debates that began in the early 2000s still revolve around the same core issues: privacy and security, transparency/transparency, and the falsification of algorithms.
To overcome such issues, the researchers proposed five ethical principles along with seven high-level messages for responsible robotics. The rules include: Except for reasons of national security, robots should not be designed as weapons. Robots must be designed and used in compliance with applicable laws, including privacy and security.
Robots are products: like any other product, they must be designed to be safe and secure.
Robots are manufactured artifacts: the illusion of emotions and intentions should not be used to exploit vulnerable users.
It should be possible to determine who is responsible for any robot. The researchers also recommend that robot city designers reconsider how to maintain the aforementioned ethical principles in the design process, such as providing for shutdowns.
For example, having an effective control system such as executive mechanisms and algorithms to automatically disable robots.
Without agreed principles, robots can pose a real threat to people. For example, the cyber threats of ransomware and DDoS attacks, the physical dangers of autonomous devices and robots, and the emotional dangers of over-attachment to robots while ignoring real human relationships, as depicted in the 2013 film It.
Other negative environmental impacts of robotics include excessive energy consumption, rapid depletion of resources, and uncontrolled e-waste.
Cities and lawmakers also face the threat of artificial intelligence (AI) terrorism.
From the proliferation of autonomous drones and the introduction of robotic swarms to remote attacks or the delivery of disease by nanorobots, law enforcement and defense organizations are facing a new frontier of potential threats.
Future research on robotics, AI law, and ethics with a focus on policy development is advised for preparation.
Robots are supposed to make life better. Answers that cannot prohibit or stifle development in an environment of rapid innovation.
Governments are then tasked with cultivating a more robot-aware citizenry and responsible (licensed) robot builders.
This, combined with a proactive approach to lawmaking, will allow cities to usher in a new era of robotics in harmony and urgency.
(This story was not edited by Devdiscourse staff and was automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)